Tuskegee Airmen Essay Example

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Tuskegee Airmen Essay Example

Tuskegee Airmen Essay: Introduction

Segregation was an essential problem in the United States of America. The African-Americans were considered inferior to other people. This situation caused some revolts throughout history. Even though in the US Army, the color of the skin was important. In the 1940s, the ranks of soldiers depended on their skin color rather than their success. The black people made a great effort to have the right to join the US Air Forces and be a pilot there. Their attempts concluded as they wished. The racism was taken away slowly, they began to take place at the military, and they were called Tuskegee Airmen. Their determination brought them the reputation and respect in World War II. African Americans shaped their destiny with a determined fight against segregation in the US Army.

Segregation in Armed Forces

The African Americans were deprived of most of the rights. They did not have equal opportunities with white people. Thus, they could not be educated well. This deficiency made white people think that black people were not smart enough. That thought took place also in the US Army. As a result of segregation, African Americans were seen as they could not operate an aircraft. Most of the people in the military commonly believed that black people’s performance was insufficient in combat when related to the whites (The Tuskegee Airmen para 5). The prohibition of slaves’ education concluded as excluding African Americans from a range of social areas. The capacities of the black people were not enough for whites. Therefore, they did not agree to see blacks as aircraft pilots.

There would be a need for more airmen at war. For this requirement, the civilians would be trained to be pilots in the Army. The pressure to President Roosevelt about the opportunities of blacks to take more duties in combats gave results. In 1940, Roosevelt announced the new program of the US Army Air Corps, which includes the training of blacks as aircraft pilots (The Tuskegee Airmen para 7). He knew that African Americans wanted to learn how to operate an aircraft, and they were volunteering to take on more responsibilities during operations. Even though racism would be an obstacle for a while, Afro-Americans made an effort to bring their civil rights. They were named as Tuskegee Airmen, and at the end of this process, the military trained approximately 14.000 African Americans to operate air devices. They resisted and overcame their aim against the segregation fact.

World War II Perseverance

The Tuskegee Airmen program began in 1940, and it was the first way for African Americans to have equal rights in the US Army. Their resolution gained them an excellent reputation. The abilities of the Tuskegee Airmen were well enough for them to fight in the right way during World War II. The Tuskegee program included some cadets and an officer. Benjamin Davis Jr. was leading the Tuskegee Airmen during World War II (Miller para 15). Davis’s strategical moves directed the African American aircraft pilots in 99th and later 332nd Fighter Groups in Europe. They took place in some escorting missions over the Mediterranean and Central Europe. The tasks of the Tuskegee Airmen were not easy to tackle for them at the beginning. However, they were ambitious to be well enough as much as the whites in the Army Forces.

The Tuskegee Airmen did an excellent job against Germany during World War II. Germans’ loss was more than The Tuskegee’s loss. Once in 1944, pilots from the 99th Group shot down 12 German fighters in two days by intersecting a distance without being affected by the combat (The Tuskegee Airmen para 15). That success proved the fact that the blacks were capable enough to operate aircraft. The resulted increased their value for the Army. African Americans were qualified airmen for the armed forces. The grand ambition and the determination of the Tuskegee Airmen made a huge difference in the war. Their perseveration and success in Europe, especially against Germany, raised their reputation and helped them to protect their civil rights. They would have strong and supportive claims to take place in the military.

Integration in the Armed Forces

The success and the perseverance of the Tuskegee Airmen brought them an excellent reputation all around the world. However, the segregation in the Army had not ended yet. The civil conflict between the whites and the blacks continued even though how African Americans fought in Europe. After doing the missions, the 477 Fighter Group, which included the Tuskegee Airmen returned to Freeman Air Force Base. The conflict and especially the racist threats of the whites, pushed the black to a revolt. Many of the black soldiers were arrested after this event. In 1948, the integration began within the Air Force, which was the first service to integrate fully (Gropman para 4). President Harry S. Truman made a reform by announcing Executive Order 9981 to establish equality in the Army. With this order, Truman resolved the segregation in the US Army.

The desegregation of the US Army was a result of the African American’s fair fight against the incorrect social belief. The experiences, persistence, and the accomplishments of the Tuskegee Airmen broke down the ideas of racism and injustice (Gropman para 41). The way of being successful requires to be strong against the obstacles. The African Americans won their civil rights to be a part of the Army with their hard works, endurance, and strength. The peers of the Tuskegee Airmen wished to see them be failed during the training and operations. Their biggest arguments were that the African Americans were not well educated; therefore, they would not be capable of operating an aircraft. The determination proved the opposite thoughts. The Integration of the US Armed Forces was an inconvenient transition process for both sides of the Army. Non-African Americans did not welcome being equal with African Americans, and the others did not dream of having the right to rise in ranks.

Honoring the Tuskegee Airmen

The Tuskegee Airmen gained a reputation because of their operations during World War II, and they changed the African Americans’ destiny. Their success opened a road for black people to have the civil right to rise in ranks in the military. The Executive Order of Truman desegregated the US Army. The real hero of the integration process was Benjamin Davis Jr., who later became the first African American General of Air Forces. Therefore, the Air Force Academy will carry the hi name (Miller para 2). He fought to resolve the injustice and racism in the military and integrate women into the Army. His attempts to correct the wrong social beliefs resulted in favorable and pleasant.

The Tuskegee Airmen were honorable African Americans of their time because of their significant determinations and successes. General Charles McGee is one first pilot of the Tuskegee Airmen who are still alive. He was born in Ohio in 1919, and he joined the Air Forces in 1942. He flew more than four hundred flights and served 30 years for military. That 100 years old legend was honored in 2020 (Pawlowski para 8). He carries the appellation of being the only Tuskegee Airmen who are alive. He and his peers’ courage, abilities, determination, and endurance during World War II changed the world’s beliefs about segregation. They were the leading heroes of the integration process. Their attempts were laudable because the black people hold their civil rights to join and rise in ranks in the military.

Tuskegee Airmen Essay: Conclusion

The Tuskegee Airmen overcame all the obstacles during the way of gaining some rights. They fought against segregation, and they began the integration process in the US military. Their capability, hark works, and the determinations raised the world’s respect to them during World War II. The Tuskegee Airmen proved their suitability for the army missions. They operated the aircraft successfully and show that they are not inferior to the non-African Americans. The superior attempt of Tuskegee Airmen was a milestone for US history. It was the reason to end the segregation in the US Army Forces.

References

Gropman, Alan L. “Tuskegee Airmen.” Air Force Magazine, 16 Aug. 2008, pp. 52–56.

History.com Editors. “Tuskegee Airmen.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 9 Nov. 2009, www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/tuskegee-airmen.

Meet the 100-Year-Old Tuskegee Airman Honored at the State ... www.today.com/health/100-year-old-tuskegee-airman-charles-mcgee-honored-state-union-t173231.

Miller, Kent. “Air Force Academy Airfield Named in Honor of Tuskegee Airmen Commander Who Later Became a General.” Air Force Times, Air Force Times, 20 Nov. 2019, www.airforcetimes.com/news/your-air-force/2019/11/01/air-force-academy-airfield-named-in-honor-of-tuskegee-airmen-commander-who-later-became-a-general/.

Miller, Melissa T. “The Tuskegee Airmen.” Military.com, www.military.com/history/the-tuskegee-airmen.html.

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Baris Yalcin
Baris Yalcin
Content Editor at Tamara Research. Movie and music addict. Bachelor's degree in Translation and Interpreting.

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