How to write a research paper conclusion

Think of the conclusion of your research paper as the finish line of your writing process. It’s not just “the end”; it’s the point at which your ideas make an impact and stick with your audience. 

This guide will show how to end your research paper in a way that leaves a lasting impression. Let’s get started!

Step 1: Analyze a research paper conclusion

Before, we get into the details, here is an example conclusion for a research paper on the effects of melting ice on polar bear habitats. It will show you how to apply the best practices and steps that will be covered in this guide:

Research paper conclusion example

Conclusion

In conclusion, our study on how melting ice affects polar bears reveals their precarious survival. Rising temperatures and melting ice pose formidable challenges. Appreciating the intricate dance between climate shifts and polar bear well-being holds the key to effective conservation strategies. Refer to your thesis statement:Bridge the introduction and conclusion of your paper by revisiting the thesis statement introduced earlier. This knowledge is crucial in our pursuit to unravel the delicate interplay between these creatures and their changing environments. Digging deeper, we understand that the destiny of polar bears is closely linked to the health of their surroundings. The fragile balance between these top predators and their homes reveals how nature is deeply connected, even beyond the Arctic. Highlight the significance of findings: Emphasize the broader implications of your research to underscore its importance. The struggle of polar bears becomes an emblem of the wider climate crisis, urging us to become Earth’s custodians. End with a thought-provoking question, a future prediction, or a recommendation As we conclude, assessing our impact in shielding these bears reminds us of our actions’ transcendent scope. Create closure with reflection: Encourage readers to reflect on their roles in the larger context of your research’s subject matter.

Step 2: Understand the purpose of conclusion

When it comes to the conclusion of your research paper, there are three main things to keep in mind: summarizing, emphasizing, and concluding. Let’s break them down:

How does the conclusion relate to your thesis statement and research goals? The main point you’re attempting to prove is in your thesis statement, which is sort of like the star of your essay. Your conclusion puts that star back on stage and demonstrates how every argument you’ve presented supports it. It is like saying, “See, everything we discussed leads to this big idea.”

Step 3: Review key points and findings

Let’s go into the specifics of how to write a conclusion now that we are aware of its purpose. Here’s what you need to do:

For instance, if your research paper discusses how polar bear populations are affected by climate change, one of your main arguments can be how melting ice caps disrupt the bears’ hunting patterns and breeding grounds.

Remembering the polar bear example, be sure to draw attention to your most important finding, which would be that declining sea ice is causing dramatic drops in polar bear populations.

Step 4: Restate the thesis statement

After summarizing the key points and findings, it’s time to concentrate on your thesis statement, which is the core idea you’ve been trying to prove throughout your research. The conclusion gives your paper a sense of coherence and closure by restating your thesis.

Example: Going back to the thesis statement

Introduction

....(Introduction starts)
....(Introduction continues)
Understanding how climate change affects polar bears is crucial for conservation efforts. Thesis statement, which is usually the last sentence of your introduction

Body paragraphs

....(Body paragraphs start)
....(Body paragraphs continue)

Conclusion

Appreciating the intricate dance between climate shifts and polar bear wellbeing holds the key to effective conservation strategies. Restatement, which is usually the first sentence of your conclusion
....(Conclusion continues)

You can both remind your readers of your thesis’ main point and demonstrate how far your research has advanced it by attentively restating it. It’s like taking a final bow on stage – you’re bringing the show full circle.

Step 5: Highlight the significance

In this step, we emphasize the significance of your research by exploring its broader implications beyond the immediate context:

Highlighting the significance example

Conclusion

....(Conclusion starts)
Digging deeper, we understand that the destiny of polar bears is closely linked to the health of their surroundings. The fragile balance between these top predators and their homes reveals how nature is deeply connected, even beyond the Arctic. The sentence highlight the significance
....(Conclusion continues)
....(Conclusion ends)

You can emphasize the importance of your research in the larger academic context and emphasize its possible impact on fields other than those directly related to your study by underlining its significance without citing any specific instances.

Step 6: Create closure with reader

Let’s now examine techniques for convincingly concluding your research paper and creating a sense of closure for your readers:

Creating a closure with reader example

Conclusion

....(Conclusion starts)
....(Conclusion continues)
The struggle of polar bears becomes an emblem of the wider climate crisis, urging us to become Earth’s custodians. As we conclude, assessing our impact in shielding these bears reminds us of our actions’ transcendent scope. A sentence to create a closure with the reader
....(Conclusion ends)

Step 7: Proofread and seek feedback

The path to a polished conclusion involves thorough review and refinement. Here’s how to make sure your conclusion shine:

Following these guidelines will help you to write a conclusion that clearly and persuasively summarizes the key points of your research.

Seek feedback

Getting feedback from others is an effective strategy to increase the impact of your conclusion. Here’s how to make the most of external perspectives:

Research paper conclusion best practices

A strong conclusion can significantly increase the impact of your research paper. It takes skill to write one. Here are some best practices to consider:

Remember that your conclusion is your last chance to give your readers something to remember you by. By using these best practices, you can write a conclusion that highlights the importance of your research and has a lasting impact.

If you want to learn more about academic writing, our next guide on avoiding plagiarism gives priceless advice to go along with your newly acquired conclusion-writing abilities.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is the conclusion of a research paper important?

The conclusion of a research paper is where you leave your readers with one last impression. It creates a sense of closure, highlights the importance of your findings, and summarizes the key points. A well-crafted conclusion reinforces the paper’s message and makes it more memorable.

Can I introduce new ideas in the conclusion?

No, the conclusion shouldn’t introduce new ideas or information. Its main function is to highlight and summarize the points made in the paper. Any new concepts or arguments should be introduced in the body of the paper

How can I ensure my conclusion is effective?

To create an effective conclusion, make sure to:

  • Summarize the main arguments and findings.
  • Restate the thesis statement.
  • Highlight the broader significance of your research.
  • Create closure by leaving readers with thought-provoking questions or recommendations.
  • Edit and proofread for clarity and conciseness.

Following these steps will help you craft a compelling and impactful conclusion for your research paper.

Deniz Akcaoglu
Deniz Akcaoglu
Content editor and writer. Probably out there trying to get into an obscure band she actually hates the sound of.