How to write a research paper conclusion
It can be challenging to write a conclusion for a research paper. But we’ve got you covered. The importance of writing a great conclusion paragraph, how to write one, and some recommendations to help you are all covered in this how-to guide.
Importance of a great conclusion
A well-written conclusion paragraph gives you multiple opportunities to convey to the reader your general comprehension of the research subject. These are some of them:
The conclusion, like the introduction, provides an opportunity to make a lasting impact on the reader. This can be done by highlighting essential points in your analysis or findings.
The conclusion is an opportunity to address the “so what?” question quickly by situating the paper in the context of previous research on the issue you’ve looked at.
Don’t be afraid to speak up. The conclusion is an opportunity for you to expand on the relevance of your findings.
This does not mean that you should introduce fresh material (which you should avoid!) but rather that you should provide new insight and innovative techniques for contextualizing the research topic based on your findings.
Different types of research paper conclusions
The steps outlined below will show you how to write a strong conclusion for any research paper.
Steps on how to write a conclusion
Step 1: Restate your research topic
ExampleSince 2010, increased water pollution has resulted in a decline in aquatic fauna as well as an increase in hazardous drinking water.
Step 2: Write a summary of your paper’s major ideas
After that, you might summarize your research paper’s major ideas.
ExampleMore and more contaminants are entering our freshwater supplies as sugar growing expands. This increase in pollution has resulted in significant declines in marine life, fish extinction, increasing respiratory disease in local communities, and a scarcity of clean drinking water.
Step 3: Link the key points’ importance or outcomes
You might highlight the relevance of these ideas after outlining the key points of your argument.
ExampleEcologists and marine biologists are continuing to monitor water quality as researchers look for strategies to prevent pollution run-off from commercial farms. The EPA believes that this research will lead to a reduction in pollution concentrations in our freshwater systems in the future.
Step 4: Conclude your ideas
You can include a call to action or a suggestion in your conclusion to encourage your readers to think about your argument further. This section can also be used to address any unresolved questions from your paper’s body paragraphs.
ExampleOur freshwater ecologies and drinking water supplies will inevitably deteriorate if we are unable to fight the negative impacts of industrial farming on our clean water. More research and innovation are needed to keep our water pure while also serving our economy’s agricultural requirements.
Things to avoid in conclusion
Here are some techniques to avoid while writing the conclusion of your research paper (see common mistakes and tips).
Don’t begin your conclusion with terms like “In conclusion,” “In summary,” “In closing,” and so on. While this may be a successful transition during an oral presentation, it does not work as well on paper since your readers will be able to determine which section of your article they are reading.
The body paragraphs should contain all the important information. The conclusion is not the place to provide new information since it is where you should explain the importance of your research topic to your audience.
The conclusion of your research paper should be brief and simple. Avoid spending too much time on descriptions that should have been included in the body paragraphs of your paper, such as describing your research’s methodology and findings in depth.
ImportantWhile your conclusion should provide a brief overview of your study, the focus should be on the insights, assessments, implications, and other findings.
The purpose of your conclusion, like the rest of your research paper, is to be analytical rather than emotional. Avoid using emotional phrases to appeal to the emotions of your readers since this will detract from what should be a rational and scientific research study.
Frequently Asked Questions
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