How to write a cause and effect essay
When writing a cause and effect essay, you need to pick a topic and examine its causes and effects. If you’re writing a cause and effect essay on the American Civil War (see an example essay), you have to detect the causes and effects of the war.
These types of essays allow us to better grasp and understand the subject you’re writing about. Here are the steps to follow and an example if you want to write great cause and effect essays.
Example effect essay
Step 1: Choose your topic
Unless your teacher has assigned you a specific topic, you need to find one yourself to write about. While choosing your topic, you need to take two things into consideration:
Step 2: Decide on cause or effect
Let’s ask these questions to our sample topic, The American Civil War;
Why did this happen? – Slavery, the election of Abraham Lincoln, states’ rights vs. federal rights
What did this lead to? – The abolishment of slavery, the growth of the northern economy & the devastation of the southern economy, shifts in political power
Once you have determined the causes and effects, you can choose which one interests you the most and write about it.
Step 3: Do research
Just like any other essay type, you need to do research before writing your essay. During your research, use reliable sources.
Using a personal blog as the foundation of your essay would be a rookie mistake (see common mistakes).
Additional tipTry to use sources that have information written by professionals. While doing your research, try to find inspiration for your thesis statement.
Step 4: Create your thesis statement
It is now time for you to create your thesis statement, which lays your essay’s structure. Your thesis statement should answer the question, “What am I going to be informed about in this essay?”.
Now that you have created your thesis statement, you have an idea of how you will write your essay. However, you need to make an actual plan as well.
Step 5: Prepare an outline
In this section, you will reaffirm your thesis statement and present your concluding ideas and thoughts on the subject.
Outline trickWhen preparing your outline, think these parts through and construct your thesis statement. After that, decide on effects and supporting points for each body. Lastly, finish the outline with a conclusion that wraps up the essay.
The following example is an outline for an effect essay on the results of The American Civil War. Feel free to follow a similar structure when writing a cause-and-effect essay.
Thesis StatementThe Civil War had many consequences on the American nation, among which are the abolishment of slavery, the growth of the northern economy and the devastation of the southern economy, and a shift in political power.
Step 6: Write and evaluate your first draft
Once you have your outline ready, you can write a draft to ease yourself into the whole process instead of going into full essay mode.
The first thing you can do is to fill out your outline in a basic way. You can write simple sentences that present your findings and ideas and go back to improve them later.
This way, you will have your cause and effect essay mostly ready without tiring yourself too much.
After writing your draft, the ideal way would be to let it sit for a few hours. This will help you relieve your brain and make the ideas more transparent. When you go back to your draft for evaluation, you can ask yourself these questions:
Then, you can note your answers to these questions and use them in the final step.
Step 8: Finish your essay
The quality of your essay depends on your critical thinking and if you are expressing logical arguments or not. So, if your essay is logically satisfying, you probably have written a good one. Congrats.
Frequently Asked Questions
Thank you for reading. If you need further information, feel free to have a look at our essay samples or contact us at live chat.
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