How to write an argumentative essay


Argumentative essay is a quite common type of essay, especially in college. Argumentative essay presents a detailed argument for a specific thesis statement.

When writing an argumentative paper, you should take a specific stand on your subject and build your paper for your thesis statement and argument.

It is essential to learn this type. You will have many argumentative essay assignments throughout your college education.

Approaches to argumentative essays

You first need to improve your argumentation. Most college papers require you to create and defend your arguments, which is quite explicit in argumentative essays.

Therefore, regardless of the type of essay, you should first understand the importance of argumentation. In other words, you should come up with a topic, claim, or idea that triggers a sense of discussion and curiosity in the reader.

Some examples of argumentative essay topics

Remember, you always define a specific position about your research topic. In the introduction, you imply your stand through your thesis statement, usually your introduction‘s last sentence. Your essay then continues by detailing the argument, analysis, and evidence.

Rogerian arguments

You’ll hear Rogerian arguments a lot when studying how to write an argumentative essay. Rogerian arguments provide students with some steps to repeat during the writing process:

With the Rogerian arguments model, you’ll create a clear overview of both sides of a claim and argument. This approach is useful when analyzing a controversial topic.

The Rogerian model will enable you to find the middle and approach the topic with good faith rather than proving your points with pure demagogy.

For example, say you want to discuss that social media positively impacts communication (see social media essay examples). With the Rogerian model, you’ll:

Toulmin arguments

Like Roulmin’s arguments, the Toulmin model is also based on a four-step approach. You may repeat these steps as many times as you wish to develop a solid essay structure.

The Toulmin model is essential when it comes to how to write an argumentative essay, as many students widely use it.

Even if you don’t follow all the steps above, you need to develop a clear connection between your argument, thesis statement, and essay. Remember, argumentation and evidence are essential when writing an argumentative essay.

For example, say you’re working on an argument about the impacts of social media on communication. With the Toulmin model, you’ll:

You don’t have to make use of these approaches. Instead, you can mix them up to define your own style.

However, you should always have an introduction, a body, and a conclusion when writing your argumentative essay. Here is an argumentative essay example, feel free to have a look before writing one.

Introduction of an argumentative essay

Like any other essay type, you start with an introduction when writing an argumentative essay. Your introduction needs a hook, background information, and a thesis statement when writing a short essay. You may also need to summarize your argumentative essay structure if you are preparing an extended essay.

Below, you’ll see an example of how to write an argumentative essay introduction. Please read the sentences carefully to analyze the hook, background information, and thesis statement.

The wide use of social media has a substantial impact on business, education, and even love life. Hook: You draw the reader’s attention with a strong claim. People now tend to use social media in different contexts, and many scholars discuss its role in human psychology. For many psychologists, the effects of social media platforms are concerning and potentially dangerous for addictive individuals. Background: You set the context of your argument. Although some scholars highlight such concerns, there are obviously many social media benefits as an asset of communication and socializing, creating a digital memory album, and meeting new people for introverted people. Thesis statement: You present the central argument of your essay.

Body of an argumentative essay

Like other types of essays, you’ll discuss and develop your arguments in the argumentative essay’s body. You need to present your credible evidence, your own analysis, deductions, and analysis in the body. In other words, you need to convince the reader of your claim and argument (thesis statement).

Paragraphs are like small essays, and they need to be structured in a gradual format. Each paragraph should have its topic, and you need to introduce each of them with a topic sentence.

Make sure that you don’t add irrelevant information and connect your sentences with transition words and sentences.

Below, there is an example of a Rogerian model. As you see, it first recognizes the opposing idea and explains further the drawbacks of this idea.

The excessive use of social media is a concern for many psychologists. Topic sentence: What will the paragraph be about? Its prevalence among society is extremely high; research found that almost every individual has a social media account (Radovic et al., 2017). However, many studies have stressed a strong link between heavy social media and an increased risk for depression, anxiety, loneliness, self-harm, and even suicidal thoughts (Scheinbaum, 2017). Evidence: You state and cite your evidence. Psychologists are not mistaken to think that social media can have serious impacts on human psychology; however, a further and expanded investigation is also necessary. Interpretation: This part evaluates the evidence. At this point, many psychologists stress the negative aspects of social media, but scholars have also highlighted the positive impacts of social media such as the availability of social networks, the feeling of belonging, and numerous business opportunities (Akram & Kumar, 2017). Counter argument: You present a counter-evidence to argue against the original claim. Therefore, the use of social media has positive sides that help individuals look for opportunities and different communities. Final sentence: You state your point made in this paragraph.

Conclusion of an argumentative essay

Like other types of essays, your argumentative essay ends with a conclusion that summarizes the findings.

Below, you will find an example of a conclusion of the argumentative essay.

Social media has a substantial impact on many aspects of life; apart from adverse effects, its importance is valid in many fields such as communication, business opportunities, and the feeling of belonging. Summary: You summarize your arguments in the body and remind the reader of your thesis statement. As the current trends show, many individuals use social media opportunities in socializing, networking, and working life. Importance: Stress the importance of the argument by giving examples from the real life. After all, although many skeptics have increasingly highlighted the dangers of social media, it is here for a long time, and it is time to concentrate on its benefits with an optimistic approach. Closing statement: You capture the importance of your argument and conclude your essay with a memorable sentence.

Frequently Asked Questions

Just like any other type of essay, all argumentative essays consist of an introduction, preferably three separate body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph.

Topic ideas for argumentative essays are almost limitless. If you think you can present a stance and defend it against a counter argument, anything can be a topic for these essays.

You need to start an argumentative essay with an introduction that explains the topic and also presents the thesis statement, which is your main argument on the subject.

While writing an argumentative essay, you need to look for three main parts; an introduction, the body, and a conclusion. You need to explain your stance and also debunk the counter argument.

Thank you for reading. If you need further information, feel free to have a look at our essay samples or contact us at live chat.

Ibrahim Akturk
Ibrahim Akturk
Content editor at Tamara Research. Translation major, huge coffee and baking nerd. Addicted to good music and great articles.

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